Ideal surgical results less likely if cancer patients live in vulnerable communities
Date Published: Mon, 25 Jan 2021 11:05:03 EST
A new study finds that older cancer patients are less likely to have optimal results following their cancer operation if they live in an area highly affected by social challenges, especially if they are racial-ethnic minorities. The study was selected for the 2020 Southern Surgical Association Program and published as an article in press on the Journal of the American College of Surgeons website in advance of print.
Street trees close to the home may reduce the risk of depression
Date Published: Mon, 25 Jan 2021 11:04:51 EST
Depression, especially in urban areas, is on the rise, now more than ever. Mental health outcomes are influenced by, among other things, the type of environment where one lives. Former studies show that urban greenspace has a positive benefit on people experiencing mental ill health, but most of these studies used self-reported measures, which makes it difficult to compare the results and generalize conclusions on the effects of urban greenspace on mental health.
Identification of Oligo-DNA that promotes skeletal muscle differentiation
Date Published: Mon, 25 Jan 2021 11:04:24 EST
Skeletal muscle is the largest tissue in the human body and is responsible not only for locomotion but for energy metabolism and heat production. Age-related muscle atrophy reduces motor function and contributes to the need for nursing care. In addition, muscle atrophy associated with various chronic diseases is known to be a risk factor for life expectancy. Myoblasts, the progenitor cells of muscle, play an important role in maintaining muscle homeostasis. However, it has been reported that the differentiation ability of myoblasts decreases with age and disease, and this is thought to be one of the causes of muscle atrophy. In order to prevent or treat muscle atrophy, a research team led by Assistant Professor Tomohide Takaya of Shinshu University, Faculty of Agriculture studied molecules that promote myoblast differentiation.
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